This was initially constructed as a fortress for King Mutara III Rudahigwa and is situated in the District of Nyanza approximately 85 km off Kigali City. Unfortunately, King Mutara III Rudahigwa died before inhabiting it and today,the museum parades modern art work of Rwanda and its people hence demonstrating the initial  ingenuity of the people of Rwanda, their culture, nationwide history and resources. The museum was originally built as a Palace for but he passed away before occupying it.